ReFH2 Rainfall and Runoff in InfoWorks ICM/ICMLive

In 2016, the Centre of Ecology and Hydrology (CEH) and Wallingford HydroSolutions (WHS) released another version of the revitalised rainfall-runoff model (ReFH2) which allows users to generate flood peak flows and hydrographs from given rainfall events for both catchment and development sites.  For a full description of the approaches, the reader is referred to their document which can be freely accessed at:-

http://files.hydrosolutions.co.uk/refh2/ReFH2_Technical_Report.pdf

There are 2 components to the ReFH 2 model.  The first is a new runoff volume and routing model, ReFH2, which was added to InfoWorks ICM in version 6.5.  The second component is the FEH 2013 generated design rainfall which was added in version 7.5.  This blog post will go on to describe the implementation of both components within InfoWorks ICM/ICMLive and how users can use these to generate rainfall events and runoff within these software packages.

The first point to note, is that the equations used to generate FEH2013 rainfall and ReFH2 runoff are proprietary and have not been published publicly.  Therefore, unlike the previous FEH and ReFH approaches, it has not been possible to code these equations directly into the InfoWorks ICM/ICMLive simulation engines.  The user therefore requires a copy of the ReFH2 software with a licence obtained from Wallingford HydroSolutions (WHS).  The ReFH2 software must be available when the FEH2013 rainfall is generated and the relevant calculations are undertaken for determining the parameters for the subcatchments ReFH2 runoff.  However, once the rainfall and runoff parameters have been determined, InfoWorks ICM/ICMLive simulations do not need access to the ReFH2 software and runs can be distributed onto other machines/servers as is desired.

FEH2013 Rainfall

Like all rainfall the FEH2013 generated rainfall is created by using a Rainfall Event Editor.  In the list of available rainfall models the appropriate FEH2013 Rainfall generator should be selected.

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    Continuous Simulation: Make Stormwater Assets Great Again

    More than twenty years ago I wrote a Master’s Thesis about software tools that could be put together with EPA SWMM to create a toolbox for very long term continuous simulation for stormwater and watershed simulations.  I was inspired at the time by Dr. William James who was my advisor for that research.  At that time typical stormwater design and modeling (analysis) employed the rational method or a regional design storm approach.  Continuous simulation was not typically used even though we had such computational capabilities for about 20 years.

    Fast forward to today and there is still too much use of the Rational method and design storms.  Perhaps they have their place in sizing a culvert based on conveyance or some onsite detention in the case of a design storm.  However, there is simply too much misuse since these methods ignore the physical processes that are occurring.  It is simply not appropriate to use such a method to design stormwater systems when storage is a significant component of the system or when there is sensitive downstream receiving waters to name just a couple cases.  The rational method produces a peak flow and using that flow value in design ignores the natural attenuation that would occur to storage effects in the system and can even result in under design. Continue reading

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      Analyze your pump performance curve in SCADAWatch with new Pump Efficiency module

      Pump curve in SCADAWatch showing dramatic degradation over time.

      SCADAWatch version 6.3 received a new feature for quickly plotting the performance of a pump along its pump curve.

      This is information is critically valuable to three main groups of people (See more at The Stories your SCADA Data Could Tell You):

      Managers – Save money by scheduling maintenance proactively based on data. Don’t waste energy running inefficient pumps.

      Operators – Check whether your current or past operations are utilizing the peak efficiency point of your system pumps.

      Hydraulic modelers – Update your water model based on current measured performance rather than outdated manufacturer’s curves.

      This post walks you through how to set up a pump efficiency curve, compare it against reference data, and share it among your organization.

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        Tips & Tricks – Easily Finding a Column in a Grid.

        Another short post on a very useful tip & trick, how to find a field in a grid. Some objects have many fields and finding the field in a grid table can be frustrating. A quick way of finding a field can be achieved by right clicking on the field names and choosing ‘Find column…’.

        Find Column...

        Find Column…

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          InfoMaster 8.5: Rehab Actions and Costs Interface

          One of the biggest upgrades to InfoMaster 8.5 is the new and improved interface for Rehab Actions, Methods, and Cost.  The new Rehab Actions and Costs window contains the same functionality as in previous InfoMaster versions, removes some of the confusion of having four separate but related tables, and adds increased flexibility.

          The Rehab Actions and Costs interface can be found in the same place as the previous CapPlan Tables.

          Opening this window reveals the following interface.  The overall look and feel will be identical no matter if the user is opening Rehab Actions and Costs for gravity or pressurized mains, laterals, or manholes.

          The default tab to open up is the Rehab Method/Cost Component tab.  Here users can create and edit Rehab Methods and their associated costs.  In the top-left corner of this tab, users can view, edit, create, bulk import from .csv, and delete from their list of available Rehab Methods.  After selecting a particular Method, users can edit the properties and costs for the selected Method. Continue reading

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            InfoWater Boolean & Partial String DB Queries

            In InfoWater a user can select network components and related data by creating logical query statements through the DB Query feature. A DB query allows the user to extract a set of records using logical statements on a field (or fields) stored within a specific database. Often used database query statements include boolean fields and searching a string in a field.

            How to construct a Boolean DB Query

            A Boolean field is intended to store a value of 1 or 0, where 1 corresponds to the term “Yes” and 0 to the term “No”.

            InfoWater has built in boolean fields for check valves for pipe attributes and ‘allow overflow’ for tank attributes, nevertheless custom

            Boolean fields can be created in the InfoWater information tables for any of the InfoWater feature types:

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              Using Web Map Services (WMS) in InfoWorks ICM, InfoWorks WS Pro and InfoNet

              InfoWorks ICM, InfoWorks WS Pro and InfoNet all support the following Map Controls: ArcGIS Engine, ArcGIS Desktop and MapXtreme. The GIS Layer Control Dialog is used to choose how map layers are displayed on the GeoPlan Window. The dialog is displayed by right clicking on the GeoPlan View and choosing GIS Layer control… from the popup menu.

              As well as supporting the traditional GIS layers associated with ArcGIS and MapInfo, InfoWorks and InfoNet can utilise Map Layers offered up by WMS Servers.  An example would be mapping provided by Open Street Map (www.openstreetmap.org).  This resource provides maps of the world that are free to use under an open licence. Users can connect the GeoPlan view to both remote web servers and LAN servers.

              To utilise WMS you need to know the URL of the Web Map Server. Many of the publicly available server can be found by searching with Google.  For example, one WMS addresses for Open Street Map is http://ows.terrestris.de/osm/service?.  This will provide a colour map, but if you’d like a black & white version, you could try http://ows.terrestris.de/osm-gray/service? instead.

              Here are some examples you might like to experiment with that can all be used free of charge as background layers for your model. As many organisations offer WMS as a free service, they do not always guarantee any continued availability, but most organisations do their best to keep them up and running.  Please let me know if you have a favourite WMS resources and I’ll update this blog.

              Open Street Maps from Terrestris Server
              URL (colour): http://ows.terrestris.de/osm/service?
              URL (b/w): http://ows.terrestris.de/osm-gray/service?

              Open Street Maps from Mundialis Server
              http://ows.mundialis.de/services/service?

              Cached OSM-WMS via MapProxy (Uni Heidelberg)
              URL: http://129.206.228.72/cached/osm?
              URL: http://129.206.228.72/cached/osm?Request=GetCapabilities

              Cached HillShade WMS of Europe via MapProxy (Uni Heidelberg):
              URL: http://129.206.228.72/cached/hillshade?
              URL: http://129.206.228.72/cached/hillshade?Request=GetCapabilities

              In some cases you need the “?” at the end of the links, in others not.  These WMS map layers can be combined with the traditional GIS layers associated with ArcGIS and MapInfo that have always been available in the GeoPlan view.

              Combining MapInfo TAB file and WMS layer from Open Street Map

              Depending on whether you utilise MapXtreme as the map control for the InfoWorks / InfoNet GeoPlan, or if you work directly with ArcGIS Engine / ArcGIS Desktop in the background, the way you access and apply WMS layers will be slightly different. Continue reading

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                What’s New in InfoMaster 8.5?

                 8.5

                To quickly answer the question…A LOT!  We here at Innovyze consider 8.5 a major InfoMaster release and are excited to be delivering it to our clients.  InfoMaster is already revolutionizing the way asset management is done, and we think 8.5 is a major step in the evolution of asset management.

                To summarize the main additions to 8.5 include: Continue reading

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                  Using the Environment Agency Real Time Data API in InfoWorks ICM, ICMLive and Infinity System

                  The English Environment Agency provide a flood-monitoring API (Application programming interface which allows software to access the data directly) which provides access to near real-time information including measurements of rainfall, water levels and flows.

                  Water levels and flows are regularly monitored, usually every 15 minutes. Data is then transferred back to the Environment Agency at various frequencies, depending on the site and level of flood risk. The APIs are provided as open data under the Open Government Licence with no requirement for registration.

                  InfoWorks ICM and ICMLive can connect to the Environment Agency flood monitoring API using a Time-Series DataBase (TSDB). Time Series Databases are described in the following blog post:-

                  http://blog.innovyze.com/2016/09/26/working-with-time-series-databases-tsdb/

                  The TSDBs can then be connected to via a web-browser using the Infinity System software described on the following page:-

                  (http://www.innovyze.com/products/infinity_system/)

                  In InfoWorks ICM version 8, a new data source type, EA RestAPI, was added which allows connection to the Environment Agency Real Time Data API for the river levels. To set up a connection, the first step is to configure a TSDB data source with a type, EA RestAPI and the server set to environment.data.gov.uk. The data source name can be set accordingly.

                  Figure 1: TSDB Data Source Configuration for EA RestAPI data

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                    How to simulate a valve operation with InfoSurge

                    This procedure below shows how to apply AV (TCV), how to activate it, and how to apply AV (TCV) Operation Change Data, Stem Change Curve.

                    1- Select your Valve
                    2- Choose 4: Throttle Control Valve for Valve Type
                    3- Click Auxiliary Calculator   and select AV Characteristics Curve Generator
                    4- Select Gate Valve from Options and Minor Loss from Pipe Data (Wide Open Data) and assign 1 for Minor Loss
                    5- Click Compute

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